E. Green, N. Ovenden and F. Smith
Flow in a multi-branching channel with compliant walls
Journal of Engineering MathematicsVol. 64 No. 4
(2009) pp. 353-365
AbstractThe problem of fluid flow in a compliant-walled channel which branches into two or more daughters is considered with the aim of understanding blood flow through arterio-venous malformations (AVMs) in the brain. The outer walls of the channel are assumed for definiteness to behave as spring-back plates, whilst the divider is taken as rigid. The fluid is assumed to be incompressible and inviscid. When the Strouhal number is small (as occurs in practice in the brain), there are two main axial length scales, one much longer than the vessel width and the other comparable with the vessel width. Also, in the case of small wall displacements, one can analyse the local flow-structure interaction problem using a complex variable method. The flow shows markedly different qualitative features downstream of the branching, depending on the wall stiffness. Keywords Branching channel â?¢ Compliant walls â?¢ Inviscid fluid flow â?¢ Matching A. Matzavinos, C.Y. Kao, J.E.F. Green, A. Sutradhar, M. Miller and A. Friedman, Modelling oxygen transport in surgical tissue transfer, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106 (29) p12091-12096, 2009 http://www.pnas.org/content/106/29/12091.abstract Abstract Reconstructive microsurgery is a clinical technique used to transfer large amounts of a patient's tissue from one location used to another in order to restore physical deformities caused by trauma, tumors, or congenital abnormalities. The trend in this field is to transfer tissue using increasingly smaller blood vessels, which decreases problems associated with tissue harvest but increases the possibility that blood supply to the transferred tissue may not be adequate for healing. It would thus be helpful to surgeons to understand the relationship between the tissue volume and blood vessel diameter to ensure success in these operations. As a first step towards addressing this question, we present a simple mathematical model that might be used to predict successful tissue transfer based on blood vessel diameter, tissue volume, and oxygen delivery.